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The Nzema originated from the north, in Bono or Adanse, settling in the 15th century. This was recorded by the Portuguese, who traded with other Europeans arriving in the country in the 15th century. During the 19th century Nzema was one region until the deportation of the ruler Kaku Akaa. The Nzema are divided into the Evalue, Dwira, Ellembelle and Jomoro. Their various versions of the Nzema language differ only very slightly in very few insignificant ways. There is however only one standard written Nzema language. The Nzema are found along the coastal area of south western Ghana from Shama in the east to the western border with Cote d'Ivoire. Both the Nzema and the Ahanta celebrate the Kundum festival in remembrance of their ancestors. Kundum is celebrated between August and September each year, at the beginning of the harvest season. It is celebrated for one month and is characterized by drumming and dancing.

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